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Food Labeling Requirements under FSSAI


“Labelling means to introduce a product for sale by providing comprehensive information about the product to the target consumer market besides ensuring safety standards of the regulatory body. Useful elaborated information about the label leaves good impression on the consumers seeking required details about the product”

Every packaged food article for the domestic use has to be labeled in accordance to the related Indian Food Law i.e. Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulations, 2011, notified by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the Administrative Ministry for the implementation of FSSAI in India.

Since April 2014, all importers have to comply with labelling requirements laid down by FSSAI which mandates that all ingredients used in the production of a beverage must be printed on labels. A product also requires testing in ‘approved labs’. The rule doesn’t apply to single ingredient foods. Alcoholic beverages, which contain additives including colour, water, and preservatives, should carry such labels

In order to safe guard the interest of the consumer, The Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulations, 2011, provides that every packaged food article has to be labeled and it shall provide the following information –

  1. The name of Food
  2. List of Ingredients,
  3. Nutritional Information,
  4. Declaration regarding Veg or non-veg,
  5. Declaration regarding Food Additives,
  6. Name and complete address of the manufacturer or packer
  7. Net Quantity,
  8. Code No,/Lot No./Batch No.,
  9. Date of manufacture or packing,
  10. Best Before and Use By Date,
  11. Country of Origin for imported food and
  12. Instructions for use

However, Alcoholic Beverages DO NOT require the following declaration on the label

a.)    Best before date on

  • Wines and liquors
  • Alcoholic beverages that contain 10% or more volume of alcohol

b.)   Veg/ Non-Veg logo 

c.)    Nutritional information

In addition to the above information the manufacturer or the packer has to also ensure that the label complies with the general requirements of labeling prescribed under the regulations I.e. the label should not become separated from the container, contents on the label shall be correct, clear and readily legible and shall be in English or Hindi language, etc. If the food product is not labeled in accordance to the regulations or it does not provide the required complete information or the food product is promoted for sale with false, misleading or deceptive claims then it is considered as misbranded food and attracts the penalties.

At present, alcohol beverages come under the Bureau of Indian Standards. importers of alcohol products have to register with FSSAI first before bringing them into the India.

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